1985년에 창립된 유럽 보도사진 통신사로서 사진 통신사로는 세계 4번째 규모의 사진 통신사이다. 1985년에 서유럽 7개국의 주요 통신사가 유럽의 시장에 대응하기 위해 설립하였다.
epa was founded in 1985 by seven European news agencies. The agencies ANP of Holland, ANOP (now Lusa) of Portugal, ANSA of Italy, AFP of France, belga of Belgium, dpa of Germany and EFE of Spain were motivated by what they saw as a lack of alternatives to the Anglo-Saxon picture services offered at the time.
Originally conceived as a vehicle to exchange the pictures of the member agencies’ domestic service, it also included the world service of AFP and other European services and suppliers. It expanded to a more independent entity as Eastern Europe opened up. The opening of these new markets, along with the war in the former Yugoslavia, led epa to employ its own photographers in those regions. Despite these developments, epa remained under the auspices of their member/owners whom they exclusively served.
epa shareholders and epa going global
By 1995 epa had ten members with the additions of KEYSTONE later in 1985, APA of Austria in 1986, and Lehtikuva of Finland in 1987. Pressensbild of Sweden joined in 1997 followed by Scanfoto (later Scanpix Norway) of Norway and Nordfoto (later Scanpix Denmark) of Denmark in 1999. pap of Poland joined epa in 2001.
In early 2003 after extensive restructuring and the departure of AFP, epa successfully made its service available to the worldwide market. Later in 2003 Lehtikuva, Scanpix Denmark/Norway and Pressensbild decided not to continue as a shareholder of epa. However, Scanpix Norway, Sweden and Denmark continued cooperation with epa under the name of Scanpix Scandinavia. ANA of Greece (now ANA-MPA) joined epa as a shareholder in 2004 followed by mti of Hungary in 2005.
Today epa has nine shareholders, all being market leaders in their respective countries:
Athens-Macedonian News Agency (ANA-MPA) in Greece
Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANP) in the Netherlands
Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (ANSA) in Italy
Austria Presse Agentur (APA) in Austria
Agencia EFE in Spain
KEYSTONE-SDA-ATS AG in Switzerland
Lusa – Agência de Notícias de Portugal in Portugal
Magyar Távirati Iroda (MTI) in Hungary
Polska Agencja Prasowa (pap) in Poland
Along with the coverage from its shareholder countries, epa has expanded its service to include coverage of Germany, North America, South America (via Agencia EFE), Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa, and Asia.